icon for Home page
icon for Kid's Home page
icon for Digital Collection
icon for Activities
icon for Turns Exhibit
icon for In the Classroom
icon for Chronologies
icon for My Collection

Online Collection

(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
Contact us for information about using this image.

label levels:

William Arms presented this handwritten and hand decorated Reward of Merit to his student, Amos Hamilton, in 1795. The certificate recognizes Amos' good behavior and attention to studies, as well as achieving the rank of "first" in his class. Amos may also have received from his teacher a small gift such as an inexpensive chapbook. The Wisdom District School Amos attended was one of fourteen one-room schools in the Town of Deerfield, Massachusetts. As in other New England towns, the Deerfield schoolhouses were located near a cluster of houses, often at a crossroads. The small group of households living in the district managed their school district. A District Committee elected by the male heads of households in the district hired the teacher and maintained the school. The District taxed itself to raise funds to pay the teacher who often was a relative of one of the Committee members. Committee members and parents were required to provide firewood for the school as well as "board round the teacher"-that is, room and board for the teacher for a week or more in their homes. Male schoolteachers like Mr. Arms taught the winter term. Young single women were hired at lower pay in the summer to teach the younger scholars while the older children worked on the farms.


top of page

Reward of Merit to Amos Hamilton

creator   William Arms
date   Jan 19, 1795
location   Deerfield, Massachusetts
height   6.25"
width   8.0"
process/materials   manuscript, paper, ink
item type   Legal Documents/Certificate
accession #   #L01.070

Look Closer icon My Collection icon Transcription icon Detailed info icon

ecard icon Send an e-Postcard of this object

See Also...

"Reward of Merit" presented to Minnie Flagg

One Room School in Wapping

"Regulations For the Government of the Schools in the Town of Deerfield"

button for Side by Side Viewingbutton for Glossarybutton for Printing Helpbutton for How to Read Old Documents


Home | Online Collection | Things To Do | Turns Exhibit | Classroom | Chronologies | My Collection
About This Site | Site Index | Site Search | Feedback