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Train(ing) Bands or Militia were a part of every town in Massachusetts as stated in its 1629 charter. Every free man--with some exceptions such as clergy-- from age 16 to 60 was required to serve. Each town was required to furnish a Company with at least 64 men to be part of a Regiment. If a town did not have enough men, it could combine forces with another small town. In 1733 the regulations stated that "Every enlisted soldier and other householder (except troopers) shall be always provided with a well-fixed flintlock musket, of musket or bastard musket bore, the barrel not less than three foot and a half length or good firearm to the satisfaction of the Commanding officers of the company; a knapsack, cartouche box, one pound of gunpowder, 20 bullets fit for his gun, and 12 flints, a good sword or cutlass, a worm and a priming wire fit for a gun" (Boston Newsletter, February 7, 1733) This document tells James Hyde to call a meeting of the train band in Pelham for the inspection of arms and equipment. Men whose arms and equipment did not meet requirements could be fined.


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Warrant for Train Band parade

author   John Conkey (1746-1824)
date   Apr 17, 1795
location   Pelham, Massachusetts
height   6.25"
width   7.25"
process/materials   manuscript, paper, ink
item type   Legal Documents/
accession #   #L04.139

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See Also...

Colonel Elihu Hoyt notification to appear at military parade

"The Confession of Judah Marsh" published in the Hamsphire Gazette

Notification to Consider Dickinson

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