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Many types of social reform movements took shape in the first half of the 19th century. There were Protestant religious movements, which were anti-Catholic. The newspaper in Greenfield, Massachusetts, frequently published articles that applauded the work of the various societies. This article denounces a piece that appeared in a Boston paper that called the Bible and Temperance Societies a base and hypocritical confederacy. The Gazette and Mercury called that paper a "Popish organ" and accuses the Bishop and his priests of instilling hatred and contempt for the Temperance societies into the minds of the Catholic poor. The Greenfield Gazette and Franklin Herald was the newspaper in Greenfield, Massachusetts, from June 26, 1827 to June 27, 1837. It changed its name to the Gazette & Mercury.