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The late 1820s and 1830s saw a Protestant religious revival called the Second Great Awakening which had a strong impact on American religion and reform. The people in New England were strongly opposed to the Catholic Church and its teachings. This article reports on what the writer feels is an extraordinary increase in the number of Roman Catholics (from about 25,000 to 600,000) and that he sees this as a threat to America. The 12 Roman Catholic Sees to which he refers are diocese under the 12 Bishops. American Protestants felt that Catholics gave allegiance to Rome rather than to the American government. The Greenfield Gazette and Franklin Herald was the newspaper in Greenfield, Massachusetts, from June 26, 1827 to June 27, 1837. It changed its name to the Gazette & Mercury.