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Dominic Daley and James Halligan were two Irishmen from Boston who were tried and executed in 1806, in Northampton, Massachusetts, for a murder they did not commit. Francis Blake, one of the defense lawyers, focused on the anti-Catholic, Irish-hating atmosphere of the trial in his summation: "Pronounce then a verdict against them! Tell them that the name of an Irishman is, among us, but another name for a robber and an assassin: . . . that when a crime of unexampled atrocity is perpetrated amongst us, we look for an Irishman; . . . that the moment he is accused, he is presumed to be guilty until his innocence is proved." Northampton was not an isolated case. There were strong anti-Catholic and anti-immigrant sentiments in all of Massachusetts during the early part of the 19th century.


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"Northampton" article on Dealey [Daley] and Halligan from the Hampshire Gazette newspaper

publisher   Hampshire Gazette
date   Nov 20, 1805
location   Northampton, Massachusetts
width   4.0"
height   2.25"
process/materials   printed paper, ink
item type   Periodicals/Newspaper
accession #   #L05.088

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See Also...

"Irish Immigration" article from the Greenfield Gazette and Franklin Herald newspaper

"Proceedings on the Trial of the Dominic Daley and James Halligan"

"Paupers in Massachusetts" article from the Gazette and Courier newspaper

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