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On Sunday evening, October 16, 1859 John Brown (1800-1859) raided the Federal armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia with his 21 man "army of liberation" hoping to spark a slave insurrection. A day and a half later Brown was captured and most of his men had been killed or wounded. He was brought to trial in nearby Charles Town and was found guilty of treason, conspiring with slaves to rebel, and murder. He was hanged on December 2, 1859. This ode to Brown was written by Phoebe Cary (1824-1871), an American poet who, along with her sister Alice, was active in the women's rights movement. The Gazette & Courier was the newspaper in Greenfield, Massachusetts, from July 20, 1841 until June 24, 1932. Before 1841 the newspaper's name changed quite frequently, with Gazette a frequent part of the title.


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"John Brown" poem from the Gazette and Courier newspaper

publisher   Greenfield Gazette and Courier
author   Phoebe Cary (1824-1871)
date   Jan 6, 1868
location   Greenfield, Massachusetts
height   3.0"
width   2.0"
process/materials   printed paper, ink
item type   Periodicals/Newspaper
accession #   #L05.093

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See Also...

"Insurrection at Harper's Ferry" article from the Franklin Democrat newspaper

"Correspondence between Lydia Maria Child and Gov. Wise and Mrs. Mason, of Viriginia"

Portrait of W. E. B. Du Bois

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