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This article reports on immigration of various ethnic groups to the town of Holyoke, Massachusetts. Holyoke was a planned city and its population grew dramatically after the construction of the dam and canal system in 1849. The town's nickname, The Paper City, comes from the time when there were twenty-five paper mills along the canals. The article comments upon the many nationalities of immigrants that came to Holyoke. It erroneously states that Irish immigration began in the 1840s. There actually were Irish in Holyoke from the beginning. Many of the ones who came in the 1840s were employed building the dam, canals and railroad. Once the canal system was finished, mills and factories were built and created the need for more immigrants to fill the jobs. This time the immigrants were French Canadians. Each decade brought more immigrants from different countries, and each group of immigrants brought their own customs and religions with them. These immigrant groups made Holyoke a diverse community.


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"Immigrant Sweat built Paper City" article from Sunday Republican newspaper

author   Mike Burke
publisher   The Republican Newspaper
date   Sep 29, 2002
location   Springfield, Massachusetts
height   10.25"
width   8.75"
process/materials   printed paper, ink
item type   Periodicals/Newspaper
accession #   #L07.012

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See Also...

Rock Cut on Mountainside, Mt. Tom

"King's Handbook of the United States"

"At Work" photo & "History Finds Irish in Holyoke in 1663" from "Irish Heritage Important to Wmass.. in The Republican newspaper

"Irish Immigration" article from the Greenfield Gazette and Franklin Herald newspaper

"State of Irish Poor" article from in the Greenfield Gazette and Franklin Herald newspaper

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