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Many people felt that the girls who worked twelve to fourteen hour days in the textile mills of Massachusetts had lives little better than those of the Southern slaves. However, like many of her counterparts, the "Northern slave" referenced in this article worked in the mill several years and then went on to a better life by becoming a school teacher and moving west to Michigan. She was most likely Catherine Amelia Shaw who married Jacob M. Howard. Howard was the United States Representative from Michigan from 1841 to 1843, and United States Senator from 1862 to 1871.


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"A Factory Girl" article in The Hampshire Gazette newspaper

publisher   Hampshire Gazette
date   Mar 8, 1842
location   Northampton, Massachusetts
height   1.0"
width   2.5"
process/materials   printed paper, ink
item type   Periodicals/Newspaper
accession #   #L10.014

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See Also...

"Lowell" article regarding cotton mills from Greenfield Gazette and Franklin Herald newspaper

"Girls Wanted" advertisement

Spinning Jenny

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