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The Freedmen's Bureau, created in 1865, covered "all subjects relating to refugees and freedmen." Although it gave much-needed food and educational opportunities to former slaves, the Freedman's Bureau was a weak and did not have enough staff. It could do little to protect freed slaves' rights during Southern Reconstruction (1865-1877). Major Samuel Willard Saxton (1829-19??) of Deerfield, Massachusetts, was one the soldiers kept to serve in the Freedmen's Bureau after the war. Saxton, named for Deerfield's anti-slavery minister Samuel Willard, served in the Bureau until 1886. He wore this uniform coat and these shoulder ornaments in the 1880s.


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Coat of Major Samuel Willard Saxton (1829-1933)

date   c. 1880
height   36.0"
width   56.0"
process/materials   wool
item type   Personal Items/Clothing - Outerwear
accession #   #1965.03.01.01

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See Also...

Admiral Francis John Higginson (1843-1931) Epaulettes with case

"American Missionary Association Circular"

American Missionary Association membership of Nathaniel Hitchcock

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